https://www.karmaquest.org/journal/index.php/journal/issue/feed Journal of Development Innovations 2023-12-21T18:22:20+00:00 Bamadev Paudel bdpaudel@karmaquest.org Open Journal Systems <p>The Journal of Development Innovations (JDI) is a double blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promote innovative and creative ideas in the field of economic development, growth, and sustainability. The journal accepts articles from any field that relates to economic development and growth, spanning, for example, from environment and climate change to science and engineering. The journal is published online twice in a year by KarmaQuest International.</p> <p>The KarmaQuest International conducts research in its Innovation Lab whereas it applies the innovative ideas on the ground through its Impact Lab. Journal of Development Innovations is published under its Innovation Lab. Authors are requested to submit their innovative contributions so we can impact the world together in a positive way.</p> https://www.karmaquest.org/journal/index.php/journal/article/view/93 On the Political Economy of Foreign Aid and Human Rights in Autocracies 2023-12-11T23:10:22+00:00 Rabab Batool rbatool1@niu.edu Ghashia Kiyani go-kiyani@wiu.edu Saba Obaid s-obaid@wiu.edu Mian F. Raza mianfarrukhraza@gmail.com Purushottam Subedi p-subedi@wiu.edu <p>This paper presents a game-theoretic analysis of repression and resistance to show that foreign aid to autocratic governments may increase the incidence of conflict and human rights abuses. using a two-stage predictor substitution (2SPS) approach in 91 autocracies from 1981 to 2010. With various robustness checks, we find that aid significantly reduces government respect for human rights in autocracies. A further breakdown of autocratic regimes demonstrates that aid increases repression and human rights violations in personalist and single-party regimes more than their military counterparts. These empirical findings demonstrate strong evidence in support of the theoretical prediction that aid is generally ineffective in reducing human rights abuses in autocracies.</p> 2023-12-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 https://www.karmaquest.org/journal/index.php/journal/article/view/94 Social Determinants of Health in Nepal: Some Ethnographic Reflections 2023-12-11T23:31:26+00:00 Kapil Babu Dahal Kapil.dahal@cda.tu.edu.np <p>Despite its ubiquitous desirability, differences and discrepancies prevail in health. Dissimilarity and inconsistency in health is largely shaped by social determinants of health. Variations in the situation of health are influenced by societal structure or due to the differential experience in life course of people. This paper approaches social determinant as more than limited to fixed categories and rather as a dynamic process mainly because of the fluidity of structural factors. Unequal access to social and economic resources leads to health inequalities. Therefore, this approach regards health as socially constructed phenomenon but not the outcome of mere physical and pathological situation. Engaging with ethnographic evidences acquired from more than a decade of selected studies, this paper portrays how women’s health in different circumstances is socially shaped in Nepali society. This paper urges the anthropologists not be aloof but to engage in examining health development policies and upliftment of health and wellbeing of people at the margin.</p> 2023-12-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Development Innovations https://www.karmaquest.org/journal/index.php/journal/article/view/95 Linkage Between Remittances and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from The Gambia 2023-12-11T23:39:26+00:00 Cherno Jallow jallow.cherno@std.izu.edu.tr <p>This study empirically investigates the linkage between remittance inflows and economic growth in The Gambia. This study uses annual data from 1996 to 2019 to estimate a vector error correction model to examine the causal linkage between remittance inflows and economic growth. The results indicate that remittances have a positive and significant impact on economic growth. Further results show significant causality both in the short-run and long-run as evidenced from the VECM and Granger causality tests. In view of these findings, proper regulations and incentives for remittance inflows through formal channels should be put in place, and the government should make receiving money in The Gambia easier by reducing the transaction cost.</p> 2023-12-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Development Innovations https://www.karmaquest.org/journal/index.php/journal/article/view/99 Application of Frequency Ratio Method for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping at the Thulo Lumpek Area, Gulmi, Nepal 2023-12-20T22:55:35+00:00 Manjari Acharya acharya11.manjari@gmail.com Rabindra Prasad Dhakal dhakalrabindra3@gmail.com Kabi Raj Paudyal paudyalkabi1976@gmail.com <p>The application of the Frequency Ratio method for landslide susceptibility mapping was implemented in the Thulo Lumpek area of the Gulmi District in western Nepal. A landslide inventory map was prepared using the recent Google Earth image and field verification. Landslide causative factors maps were prepared in GIS and a final landslide susceptibility map was prepared. Stratigraphically, the rocks of the study area can be classified into two lithological units: the Nourpul Formation and the Dhading Dolomite of the Nawakot Group of the Lesser Himalayas. Landslide is influenced by multiple factors, including the adverse geological structure, and anthropogenic influences. Most of the landslides are concentrated within the rocks of the Nourpul Formation and the contact region between the Nourpul Formation and the Dhading Dolomite. The susceptibility map was classified into four landslide susceptibility classes, i.e., low (39.67%), medium (18.82%), high (17.41%), and very high (24.10%). Sindi, Kasingthala, Ghardada, and Goskot villages were categorized in the very high landslide susceptibility class. The 0.7832 AUC value with an overall success rate of 78.32% also validated the landslide susceptibility map with the existing slope instability conditions. Presently prepared susceptibility map is believed to be important for land use planning and hazard management in the Thulo Lumpek area.</p> 2023-12-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023