Higher Education Reforms in Nepal: Review, Reflection, and Requisition

Raj Kumar Bhattarai


This paper prepares a centennial timeline of key milestones in the higher education reforms of Nepal. Reflection of the initiatives on structure of higher education institutions, standing of the universities, students’ enrollment and production, creation of intellectual property, addition of new businesses, and commercial value addition from high technology exports have been assessed. Critics on the standings and reflections of the reforms have been revealed in consideration of the status of impactful research, knowledge and skills transfer, employment generation, students’ perceptual judgement on their own future in their own country. In anticipation of development and innovation in the higher education system of Nepal, a requisition note for the addition of a few higher education institutions and operationalization of a Scholastic Authority has been furnished. An outline of the Authority establishment and implementation framework is suggested for further discussions.


Higher Education; Education Reforms; Intellectual Property; Immigrant Workers; Scholastic Authority

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Journal of Development Innovations

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