Challenges of Landslide Disaster for Development in Nepal

Shanmukhesh Chandra Amatya

Abstract


The landslide in Nepal is affecting directly to the settlements threatening to life and property of people, agricultural land, infrastructures and is affecting the National goal as poverty alleviation and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 4%. The ten years data analysis from 2009/10 to 2018/19 of Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), exhibits the average toll death due to landslide disaster covers 105/year (about 22% of total casualty) and average property loss due to landslide becomes more than 143million rupees per year. This situation of landslide disaster is challenging for the development of Nepal. The landslide disaster can be reduced by the application of appropriate technologies which need the preparation of the basic data map like an inventory map with a degree of hazard, selected hot spot and hazard map with the zoning of landslide. But those are not yet established in Nepal due to the absence of appropriate institution, whereas, the disaster focal institute, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) is focusing mainly on immediate response sector as rescue and relief works only. Thus, the major purpose of this paper is to find out the appropriate way forward to solve the issues of landslide disaster management in Nepal.


Keywords


Landslide, Disaster; Management; Implementing Institute; Development of Nepal

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References


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