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Author Guidelines

  1. The article must be sound in empirical or theoretical contributions not previously published or submitted for review elsewhere.

  2. The manuscript should not exceed 30 pages in length. This limit includes reference lists, figures, appendices, and tables.

  3. The first page of the article should contain the title of the paper, abstract, JEL classification according to the Classification System for Journal Articles as used by the Journal of Economic Literature, no more than seven key words, and acknowledgment, if any.

  4. The manuscript should preferably contain three parts with research questions posed in the first part in the background section, theoretical foundation, empirical evidences, and logical judgments in the middle part, and the prescribed policy actions at the end. The end part must be at least one page long with clear outlines of the recommended policy actions as consistent with the contribution of the research which should also demonstrate the potential measurable impacts in enhancing people’s socio-economic conditions.

  5. The paper must be written in good English (American or British but not the mixture of them) and properly edited for spelling errors and typos.

  6. The manuscript should be written as per APA Guidelines, 7th edition, to ensure the correct formatting procedure and some of them have been outlined below. These are the minimum editing requirements to proceed ahead with your manuscript after your submission. 

        Editing Guidelines: 

   1. Page Margin (for all pages): Right: 1 inch, Left: 1 inch, Top: 1 inch, Bottom: 1 inch   

   2. Title Page

     - Title: Centered, bold, and written in title case. It should be three or four lines below the top margin of the page.  (Title Case: Capitalize the first letter of ALL words in the title)

      - Authors' names: Put one double-spaced line below the title. They should be written as follows: First name, middle initial(s), last name. Omit all professional titles and/or degrees (e.g., Dr., Rev., PhD, MA).

      - Authors' affiliations: Follow immediately after their names. If the authors represent multiple institutions, use superscripted numbers to indicate which author is affiliated with which institution. If all authors represent the same institution, do not use any numbers.

     - Author Note: Bold, centered, and written in title case. It should be placed at the bottom of the title page. Put here corresponding author's name, affiliation, and e-mail address.

       3. Abstract Page (after title page): The word "Abstract" should be centered and bolded at the top of the page. The main paragraph of the abstract should not be indented. Abstract should be no more than 200 words.


     4. Keywords  (on the same page as Abstract page): The keyword list should have its first line indented 0.5 inches. Begin the list with the label "Keywords:" (note the italics and the colon). Follow this with a list of keywords written in lowercase (except for proper nouns) and separated by commas. Do not place a period at the end of the list.

       5. Acknowledgment (put it on Abstract page): No more than 100 words

       6. JEL Classifications (put it on the Abstract page):See the codes on JEL classification and put appropriate codes relating to your manuscript.

       7. Subtitle (in all other pages)

           - Sentence case, bold, left-aligned
           - Spacing for subtitle: before 6; after 6 (click little arrow next to ‘paragraph’ category under Home tab in Microsoft Word to do this)
           - Subtitle of subtitle (same as above but with italic)
       8. All other texts:
           - Line spacing: single
           - Alignment: justified
           - Font-size: 12 (everywhere including in title page)
           - Paragraph spacing: before 6, after 6
           - Indentation (left): 0.5 inch for the first line in the paragraph
           - Font type: Times New Roman (throughout the text)

     9. References

         Important! The references on the main text and in the reference list must match. The references on the main text should not be missing on the reference list, and vice versa. Double check this before submitting the manuscript.

           The references in the main text should be cited as the last name of the author followed by the year of publication within the parenthesis, e.g., John (2014). If they are cited at the end of the sentence within a parenthesis, they should follow the format as (John, 2014; Hall, 2017; Smith, 1982).

            Rule of using ‘et al.’: For three or more authors (such as, John et al., 2014) (used only in main text citation)

            For 3 to 5 authors, use last names of all authors followed by year for the first citation in the main text, and then use first author’s last name and et al. followed by year in subsequent other citations in the main text for that reference. For more than 6 authors, use et al. everywhere in the main text. Note that in the reference list though, don’t use et al. but provide details on all authors as listed in other citations.

             Direct quotes: Cite as above and use page number as well.

             Listing procedure in the reference list:

                  - Journal Article:

                     Author (Last Name), A. A., Author (Last Name), B. B., & Author (Last Name), C. C. (Year). Title of article (Sentence case). Title of Periodical (Italic), volume number (italic) (issue number), page numbers (without ‘pp.’). DOI (if any available)

                  - Book:

                     Author (Last Name), A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work (Italic, Title Case). Location: Publisher.

                  - Website:

                    Author (Last Name), A. A., & Author (Last Name), B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article (Sentence case). Title of Online Periodical (italic), volume number(italic) (issue number if available). Retrieved from 

                  - For other type of references, follow APA 7th edition guidelines.

                 Note: Make sure that all references have been listed in alphabetical order. 

       10. Figures and Tables


             - Figure title: Left-aligned, bold, and title case followed by an italic title that briefly describes the content of the table or figure. Give figure numbers sequentially.


             - Tables are formatted similarly to figures. They are titled and numbered in the same way.

            Note: Table and figure notes are preceded by the label "Note." written in italics. General notes that apply to the entire table should come before specific notes (indicated with superscripted lowercase letters that correspond to specific locations in the figure or table. Table notes are optional.

             See APA 7th edition for format of the table body.

       11. Equation numbers
             - Arabic numerals inside parenthesis
             - Assign consecutively for all numbers
             - Align: right
             - No lines connecting equation and the equation number
       12. Appendices should be placed after the references.
       13. Use footnotes, not the endnotes.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript adheres to all miminum requirements as outlined in the Author Guidelines (Please check the box at the bottom of the Author Guidelines to ensure that all minimum requirements have beeen followed and attach its copy with your manuscript as a supplementary file when submitting the manuscript.)
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  5. All instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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